Regulatory Information

Guidelines for DTH Services in India
Specification for Digital Settop Box


DTH – Policy Highlights

DTH – Regulatory information
The main features of eligibility criteria, basic conditions/obligations and procedure for obtaining the license to set up and operate DTH service are briefly described below.

Direct-to-Home (DTH) Broadcasting Service
Distribution of multi channel TV programmes in Ku Band by using a satellite system and to provide TV signals direct to viewers without involvement of an intermediary such as cable operator.

Eligibility Criteria
Applicant Company to be an Indian Company registered under Indian Company’s Act, 1956.
Total foreign equity holding including FDI/NRI/OCB/FII in the applicant company not to exceed 49%.
Within the foreign equity, the FDI component not to exceed 20%.
The company must have Indian Management Control with majority representatives on the board.
Chief Executive of the company should be a resident Indian.
Broadcasting companies and/or cable network companies shall not be eligible to collectively own more than 20% of the total equity of applicant company at any time during the license period. Similarly, the applicant company not to have more than 20% equity share in a broadcasting and/or cable network company.
• There is no restriction on the total number of DTH licenses and these will be issued to any person who fulfills the necessary terms and conditions and subject to the security and technical clearances by the appropriate authorities of the Govt.
• License will be valid for a period of 10 years.
• The license shall not be transferred without prior approval of the Licensor.
• The Licensee shall follow to the Programme Code (PC) and Advertisement Code (AC), laid down by the Ministry of Information & Broadcasting from time to time.

Procedure for application and grant of licenses
The applicant company needs to apply to the Secretary, Ministry of I&B, in triplicate, in the prescribed proforma.
If the applicant is found eligible, the application will be subjected to security clearance in consultations with the Ministry of Home Affairs and for clearance of satellite use with the Department of Space.
After the baove clearances, the applicant needs to pay an initial non-refundable entry-fee of Rs.10 crores to the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
The applicant would be informed of intent of MIB to issue license and requested to approach WPC for SACFA clearance.
Within one month of SACFA clearance, the Licensee needs to submit a Bank guarantee for an amount of Rs.40 crores valid for the duration of the license in prescribed format from any Scheduled Bank to the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
The applicant have to sign a licensing agreement with the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting as per prescribed Performa.
The applicant needs to apply to the Wireless Planning & Coordination (WPC) Wing of the Ministry of Communications for seeking Wireless Operational License for establishment, maintenance and operation of DTH platform.
Annual Fee: equivalent to 10% of its gross revenue needs to pay for that particular financial year, within one month of the end of that financial year.
License Fee & Royalty: In addition to annual fee, company has to pay the license fee and royalty for the spectrum used as prescribed by Wireless Planning & Coordination Authority (WPC), under the Department of Telecommunications.
The Licensee shall establish and complete the installation of the uplink earth station in India including the monitoring facility etc. and commission the DTH Platform within twelve months from the date of issue of the SACFA clearance by the WPC after obtaining wireless operational license and would submit a report to the Licensor in this regard.
The Licensee shall obtain the necessary environmental clearances, wherever required. The Licensee shall also comply with Copyright Act, the Electricity Act, Factories Act and other relevant laws of the land. In case of non-compliance of any of the aforesaid requirement, the Licensor shall have the right to revoke the License of the Licensee.

Space Segment of DTH Platform
  • Name of the satellite proposed to be used
  • GSO Orbital location
  • Type & number of transponders to be hired
  • Frequency band of operation: 10.95 – 11.2 GHz /11.45 – 11.7 GHz
  • (Downlink)(Circle appropriately):12.2 – 12.5GHz /12.5 – 12.75 GHz
  • Transponder Center frequencies
  • No. of TV channels in each transponder
  • Details of data rate, FEC, modulation, bandwidth and specific frequency range for each TV channel
  • Satellite transmits Max. & Min. EIRP over India in dBW
Details of Uplink Station
 • DTH uplink station location:
 • Uplink frequency band (circle appropriately): 13.75 – 14 GHz / 14.0 – 14.25GHz /14.25 – 14.5 GHz
 • Uplink antenna size:
 • Uplink antenna gain:
 • Uplink EIRP (Max.):
 • (Min.):
Size of downlink (Max.)
Antenna size (Min.)
Proposed no. of channels:
(Enclose Lease Agreement and footprint of the satellite on which the transponders are proposed to be hired)


  • The Open Architecture (non-proprietary) Set Top Box, which will ensure technical compatibility and effective interoperability among different DTH service providers, shall have such specifications as laid down by the Government from time to time.
  • Licensee shall ensure subscriber’s interests though a Conditional Access System (CAS), which is compatible with an open Architecture (non-proprietary) Set Top Box.
  • The Licensee shall ensure subscriber’s interests through a Subscriber Management System (SMS) for an efficient, responsive and accurate billing and collection system.
  • The Licensee shall not use any equipment, which is identified as unlawful.
  • All content provided by the DTH platform to the subscribers, irrespective of its source, shall pass through the encryption and conditional access system, located within the Earth Station, situated on Indian soil.
  • The Licensee shall provide access to various content providers/channels on a non-discriminatory basis.
  • The Licensee shall adhere to any guidelines/regulations which may be laid down by the Licensor in the interest of consumer such as pricing of bouquet(s) or tier(s) of channels, etc.
  • The Licensee shall carry channels of Prasar Bharati on the most favorable financial terms offered to any other channel.
  • The Licensee shall provide the necessary facility for continuous monitoring of the DTH broadcasting service at its own cost and maintain the recordings of programmes and advertisements carried on the platform for a period of 90 days from the date of broadcast and produce the same to the Licensor or its authorised representative, as and when required.
  • All foreign personnel likely to be deployed by way of appointment, contract, consultancy, etc. by the Licensee for installation, maintenance and operation of the Licensee’s services shall be required to obtain security clearance from the Government of India prior to their deployment.
  • The DTH facility shall not be used for other modes of communication, including voice, fax, data, communication, Internet, etc. unless specific license for these value-added services has been obtained from the competent authority.

For Complete Details

Please visit:


Contact at:
Government of India

Shastri Bhawan
New Delhi