The history of DTH services in India dates back to 1996. But, the proposal couldn’t get through policy hurdles because of concern over national security. It was finally allowed in July 2006.Indian DTH space is a rapidly rising industry. Since the time, it first arrived in India, more and more new players are joining the bandwagon. Because of arrival of new entrants, this industry has become very competitive which ultimately results in customers having more benefits and options of latest technology.

DTH stands for Direct-To-Home television. DTH helps in keeping broadcasters in direct touch with consumers thus, eliminating the need of local cable operators. DTH technology works through direct reception of satellite programmes with a personal dish.

The latest technology of DTH network includes satellites, multiplexers, broadcasting center, modulators, encoders and DTH receivers. Technologically speaking, the process starts with DTH service provider leasing Ku-band transponders from the satellite. Thereafter, encoder gets into the process of converting video, audio, and data signals into the digital format.

Once encoding is done, multiplexer mixes these signals. Users have to install a small dish antenna and set-top boxes which decode those mixed signals and lastly users get to view numerous TV channels. Primarily, DTH is an encrypted transmission received directly from the satellite by the consumer at his place with the help of dish antenna.

Indian DTH operators
1. DD Free Dish
2. Airtel digital TV
3. Tata Sky
4. Videocon d2h
5. Dish TV
6. Reliance Digital TV
7. Sun Direct

Subscriber Base
India’s had around 62.97 million DTH subscribers served by 7 DTH operators as of December 2013 with total active subscribers at 35.81 million.

Service Provider Name
Subscribers in Millions
Dish TV11.7
Sun Direct9.6
DD Direct+18